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Home TT dữ liệu Biển Đông Leszek Buszynski, ASEAN, THE DECLARATION ON CONDUCT, AND THE SOUTH CHINA SEA.
Details for Leszek Buszynski, ASEAN, THE DECLARATION ON CONDUCT, AND THE SOUTH CHINA SEA.
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NameLeszek Buszynski, ASEAN, THE DECLARATION ON CONDUCT, AND THE SOUTH CHINA SEA.
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Leszek Buszynski is Professor, Graduate School of International Relations, International University of Japan, Niigata, Japan


"...The policy positions of major actors involve powerful domestic vested interests and are not easily changed as the result of the propagation of regulative norms alone. When vested interests perceive that they hold a dominant position over an issue by reason of military power or sheer size, it would be futile to imagine that they can be converted to an acceptance of norms of behaviour, which would constrain their advantage. Norms assume importance when repetitive efforts to assert a favoured position meet with failure, or are perceived to be attended by increasingly unacceptable risks. As the dominant state in the issue, China has had little incentive to consider constraining norms in a situation in which it has had the power advantage. The pursuit of regulative norms in this situation where one state commands such an obvious advantage over the others, where that state has limited experience of observing international norms, and has a history of resorting to power to promote its interests, demands respect for certain diplomatic fundamentals. Above all, an imbalance in power should be addressed, if not by the resort to external power then at least its possibility, which would remove the temptation on the part of the dominant state to seek gains by unilateral means..."
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Created On: 01/15/2010 14:22
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